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If you were not aware of the fact, 1st of June is known as World Milk Day worldwide. This campaign was started by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization for highlighting the sheer importance of milk from a global perspective. Milk comes packed with the best nutrients and ample goodness for enhanced health and wellbeing. It is a crucial part of daily dietary regimes in several countries and cultures, be it through regular coffee, tea, beverages, ice cream and other dairy products. In fact, milk has been called a complete food. Milk from cows is processed although it is not a fabricated or engineered product. It contains roughly 13% solids and 87% water. The fat component of the milk comprises of helpful and fat-soluble vitamins. Solids other than fats include carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and water soluble vitamins.
These nutrients add towards making milk the most perfect food item for human beings. Whey proteins make up roughly 18% of overall protein that is contained in milk. Casein is another protein which is only contained in milk and this has several vital amino acids to boot. This provides 82% of overall proteins contained in milk while also being a standard for evaluation of protein in other dietary items. Protein is required for repairing and developing tissues in the body and also for antibody formation, better blood circulation and combating infections.
Milk also has vital nutrients like phosphorous, calcium, potassium and magnesium. Calcium in milk is absorbed swiftly by the body while phosphorous enables swift utilization and absorption of calcium. It is required in a suitable proportion for formation of bones. Milk contains these minerals in the same proportion as contained in bones. It is also a wonderful Vitamin B2 or riboflavin source and this enables development of healthier eyes, skin and also Vitamins D and A.
Deficiencies in calcium and several other factors often lead to deterioration of bones in a condition known as osteoporosis. Adults should consume1,000 mg each day while adolescents require 1,300 mg each day and young children need 500-800 mg each day. Adults over 51 years of age require 1,200 mg each day. One milk serving offers 250 mg of calcium. Milk and related products are the best sources of calcium in the diet. Milk is thus one of the best sources for proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins along with other essential minerals. Milk is strongly recommended for those who are battling constipation. Warm milk helps those who have stomach issues and those who consume food erratically. It contains the crucial globulin and albumin alongside. It is a rich source of B vitamins, particularly Vitamin B12 which ensures superior brain and nervous system functions. Milk also contains higher amounts of Vitamin B3 or niacin which ensures maintenance of proper weight while enhancing energy levels simultaneously. Calcium content in dairy products and foods also enhances overall metabolism of the fats. Calcium content may also reduce hypertension linked risks for those consuming milk. This is made possible through maintenance of blood vessel elasticity. Capric acid is another healthy fat which enables increases in HDL cholesterol levels.
Those suffering from diabetes may also enjoy a glass of milk for its palmitoleic acid content. This is a strongly healthy fat which safeguards from insulin resistance. Hence, diabetics can consume milk as it is or blend the same with fruits for a healthy shake of sorts. Milk is thus a complete and highly essential food that we should consume on a regular basis. It contains the goodness of essential vitamins and nutrients while helping us achieve overall well-being at the same time.