Carbs exist in different forms. The most common ones are Simple Carbs and Complex Carbs. Simple carbs are made of monosaccharides and disaccharides. Complex carbs consist of Polysaccharides.
The primary difference between Simple and Complex carbs is that simple carbs get quickly digested and absorbed in the body while complex carbs take a bit of time to get fully digested in the body.
Simple Carbs– Structurally simple carbs are those carbs that are made up of one or two monosaccharide molecules. They are easily digested, are generally more sugary than complex carbs and gives a quick burst of glucose in the body.
- Monosaccharides – It includes Glucose, Galactose and, Fructose. Glucose is the most common type of sugar, which is present in our blood. Plants also make use of glucose through Photosynthesis. Milk has Galactose. Galactose is the least sweet amongst all monosaccharides. Fructose is the sugar in fruits and exists in plants mainly.
- Disaccharides – Sucrose, Lactose and, maltose make up disaccharides. Sucrose is a photosynthate containing glucose and fructose molecules. It’s a compound that’s carried through the tissue phloem. Lactose is made up of glucose and galactose molecules.The bond of two glucose molecules forms maltose.
Simple Carbs Food List
- Fruits & Vegetables
- Dairy Products
- Refined foods such as candy, soft drinks, syrups, table sugar, and cakes.
Complex Carbs – Complex carbs as the name suggests are made of polysaccharides, which consist of many thousands of monosaccharide molecules. They’re more nutritionally beneficial than simple carbs. They take longer to digest by the body are less sugary and gradually increase glucose levels.
Complex Carbs Food List
- Legumes – Some lentils, beans, chickpeas.
- Whole Wheat bread
Major differences between Simple and Complex Carbs
The differences between these two kinds of carbs are simple as well as complex.
- The most prominent difference is how they’re digested and absorbed by our system. Simple carbs as their name suggests are structurally simple and thus are easily broken down by the body and digested and absorbed quickly. Complex carbs, because they’re made of many hundred-thousand molecules take time to be digested and then some more time to get slowly absorbed in the body.
- The way they release and increase sugar in the body is also different. While simple carbs give the body a sudden burst of ‘sugar-rush’ where one feels suddenly energized after having some simple carbs, in the case of complex carbs they slowly and gradually provide the body with energy.
Nutritional Value– Simple carbs generally come with more calories and have less nutritional value. Complex carbs are dense nutritional value rich foods, having all kinds of vitamins and minerals that aid the body in many ways.
Taste – Simple carbs generally are well-liked by our taste buds and can simulate the effect of endorphins in our brains. Complex carbs are usually flavorless in their natural state, but they can be made tastier by delicious cooking while keeping their nutritional value intact.
The big Conclusion?
Carbs are essential macronutrients required by the body to primarily produce energy, but are vital in carrying out very many important tasks crucial to our well-being. Out of the two main types of carbs, Complex carbs are a better food source because they’re whole, intact with the natural goodness and nutritional value. Simple carbs can be good for a temporary requirement of energy, but are unhealthy if consumed consistently for a long period.